(Galium verum L.) Russian names: the lady's bedstraw is real, a lady's bedstraw spring, flowering maples, a yellow squash, a honey grass, a medovnik, a serumal grass, a chervishnik. The Belarusian: the maruna is sapraudny. The Ukrainian: p_dmarennik spravzhn_y, med_vnik, zatay-z_llya.
Lady's bedstraw real - perennial herbaceous plant of family of madder family (Rubiaceae), up to 125 cm high. The rhizome is thin, long, branched. A stalk direct, simple or branchy, with 4 speakers edges, in nodes a little reinforced. Leaves are uzkolineyny, sharp-pointed, with wrapped up edges, from above shining, from below grayish and fluffy, till 8-12 in a verticil. Flowers numerous, small, golden-yellow, with a honey smell, are collected in large, friable whisks. Fruits are oreshkovidny, lengthways drawn, dvoichaty, to 1 mm of length, naked, seldom trimmed, dark-brown. The lady's bedstraw real in June - September blossoms, fruits ripen in August - September. It is widespread in the European part of the CIS (except the Carpathians and Moldova), in the Caucasus, in the Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, in Central Asia. The lady's bedstraw grows in steppes, the light deciduous woods, on upland meadows, forest glades, edges, cuttings down, steppe slopes, calcareous exposures, sandy and pebble coast of the rivers, lakes, mainly on the sandy soil, weed at the edges of fields, along roads, on railway embankments; groups, absent-mindedly, often plentifully.
Medicinal properties of a plant are known since ancient times. Amirdovlat Amasiatsi wrote that if to make a poultice of his flowers and to put to a burn fire, then he will help, and also will stop the expiration of blood on drops. And if to prepare wax ointment on rose attar and to grease with it a body, then will eliminate its weakness. If to eat its root, then will increase sexual force.
Collecting and drying of raw materials. In the medicinal purposes use rhizomes, a grass and flowers of a lady's bedstraw of the present. The grass is collected during blossoming of a plant, cutting off only the upper blossoming parts. Dry in well aired warm rooms or in the open air under canopies, displaying a layer 2-3 cm on fabric or paper. Taste of raw materials bitter, knitting.
Chemical composition. Rhizomes of a lady's bedstraw of the present contain iridoida, steroid saponins, tannins, coumarins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid. In a grass of a plant are found a glycoside asperulozid, 173 mg of % of ascorbic acid, 7,4 mg of % of carotene, to 2,5% of rubber, flavonoids, coumarins, tannins, asperulin, essential oil, gallotaninovy and lemon acids, dyes, microelements - Fe, Mn, PF Sr, V, Cu, Zn, Ga, Mo, Ni, Cr, Ti.
Pharmacological properties. The plant possesses the antiinflammatory, antiseptic, anesthetizing, cholagogue, diuretic, laxative, sudorific, fortifying, oestrogenic, styptic, sedative action, promotes healing of wounds.
Use in medicine. Rhizomes. In the Tibetan medicine - at pneumonia, an endometritis, diseases of the kidneys caused by an injury at internal hemorrhages; in the Mongolian - febrifugal at gastrointestinal diseases and diseases of cardiovascular system, and also as a part of collecting, especially at infectious diseases. In traditional medicine broth - as the means strengthening a potentiality and in the absence of periods; locally - at purulent wounds, bruises, cuts, burns. To Transbaikalia (infusion) - at liver diseases. In Kazakhstan (broth) - at respiratory infections.
Rhizomes, elevated part. In the Far East (broth) - for syringings at an erosion of a neck of uterus, a uterus cancer.
Elevated part. In applied medicine (as a part of collecting) - at a diffusion glomerulonephritis; in Bulgaria infusion (hot) - at a gastroenteritis, a scrofula; juice (outwardly) - lotions; infusion (inside) - at a dermatosis and dermatitis with a pain syndrome. In traditional medicine (pounded in the form of gruel) outwardly - at infiltrate of a mammary gland, chronic ulcers, abscesses, abscesses, furuncles; powder (inside) - at dysentery; juice - at a diabetes mellitus; outwardly - at a carcinoma and as soothing - at a carcinoma cutaneum; juice, infusion, broth - at nephrite, urolithic and other diseases of kidneys, hypostases, diarrhea, dyspepsia, a gastralgia, intestinal gripes, epilepsy, convulsions at children, as sedative at a neurasthenia, hysteria; inside and outwardly (in the form of lotions, washings and bathtubs) - at a scrofula, skin diseases; locally - at ulcers, abscesses; in the Central Siberia - at deafness, outwardly - at conjunctivitis; juice, broth - at eczema, outwardly - as haemo static at bleedings; infusion, broth - at diseases of a liver and zhelchevyvodyashchy ways, female diseases, gout, cold; infusion - at pneumonia, a scurvy, diseases of urinogenital bodies; broth - at a pulmonary tuberculosis, quinsy, cough; broth, tincture - at heart troubles, atherosclerosis.
Stalks, leaves. Locally (powder, powder) - at ulcers. Stalks, leaves, flowers. Juice ointment - at abscesses, wounds. Leaves, flowers. Crushed (gruel from leaves), powder (from flowers) outwardly - at skin diseases, abscesses.
Flowers, infusion - at diarrhea, dysentery; in the form of rinsings - at quinsy; in the form of bathtubs - at a hyperexcitability and an adynamy at children. Broth - at atherosclerosis; outwardly in the form of bathtubs - at eczema. Ointment - at a scrofula, abscesses, furuncles.
Dosage forms, route of administration and doses. * Present lady's bedstraw grass infusion: 2 teaspoons of raw materials fill in 200 ml of boiled water, insist, then filter. Accept 1/3 glasses 3 times a day. * Present lady's bedstraw grass infusion: 4 tablespoons of raw materials fill in 400 ml of boiled water, draw 4 h, then filter. Apply to bathtubs, washings and lotions at skin diseases, wounds and ulcers. * Present lady's bedstraw juice: accept on the 2nd teaspoons of fresh juice 3 times a day with a honey teaspoon after food. * Present lady's bedstraw flowers ointment: 10 g of the dried crushed raw materials pound in a mortar from 100 g of fresh unsalted butter. It is poisonous in a blooming period, on mountain pastures causes a mass disease of goats and sheep.
Use in other areas. Rhizomes of a lady's bedstraw paint depending on pickle cotton in red and violet, wool - in red, wool and silk - in bright pink, violet and orange colors. Elevated part - a tea substitute; it is added to beer for giving of fortress to it. Flowers and leaves contain the enzyme causing milk curdling thanks to what they are applied in cheese making. Flowers in Turkmenistan - spice. Give yellow paint; in the past were used for subpaint of Chester cheese; paint wool in yellow and greenish-yellow colors.
Melliferous herb. A lady's bedstraw - fodder for large and a small cattle, horses, spotty deer, marals, the Amur mountain antelopes; in Mongolia, besides, for camels. Decorative. Pochvoukrepitel.