Beginning >> Drugs >> Subcategories >> Antiseptic >> Potassium permanganate

Drugs: A | B | With | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 2 | 5 | And | B | In | | D | E | | Z | And | Y | To | L | M | N | About | P | R | With | T | At | F | X | C | H | Sh | Shch | E | Yu | I |

Potassium permanganate

Potassium permanganate. Kalii permanganas. Kalium hypermanganicum.

Form of release of medicine. Powder.

Use and doses of drug. Outwardly; 0,01 — 0,1% solution for rinsings, syringings and gastric lavages, 0,1 — 0,5% solution for washing of wounds, 2 — 5% solution for greasing of ulcer and burn surfaces.

Effect of the medicine. In the presence of easily oxidized substances (organic matters of fabrics, a purulent discharge) of potassium permanganate easily chips off oxygen and turns into manganese dioxide which depending on concentration of solution has knitting, the irritating and cauterizing effect. The released oxygen possesses the antimicrobic and deodorizing properties. Oxygen is released without vesiculation therefore permanganate can be entered inside and into deep wounds at a mephitic gangrene.

Indications to use. Contaminated wounds, dermatomycoses, burns, ulcers, vaginita, uretrita, cystitis, balanoposthites, pharyngitises, laryngitis, tonsillitis; poisonings with opium, morphine, phosphorus (it is applied to gastric lavages); for cauterization of places of a sting of snakes.

Contraindications. Are not established.

Possible by-effects. When using high potassium concentrations of permanganate the irritation of fabrics is possible.

Note. Paints linen.

Treatment of complications and poisonings. Depending on expressiveness of focal lesions to drink egg milk (ovalbumins with water) or condensed milk, with care to cause vomiting. In 200 ml of 5% of solution of Natrium thiosulfuricum, castor oil. Anaesthesin. In hard cases — tracheotomy. Artificial respiration. Tetacinum-calcium. Hemodialysis. Correction of function of cardiovascular, nervous systems, liver, lungs, kidneys. At spasms — hexenal. Retinolum acetate, thiamin, ascorbic acid. At a methemoglobinemia — intravenously 5 — 6 ml of 1% of solution of methylene blue and 30 ml of 5% of acid solution ascorbic. Blood substitution operation.

 
"Iodoform   The benzoic acid"