Beginning >> Diseases >> Respiratory organs >> Rhinitis


Rhinitis — an inflammation of a mucous membrane of a nasal cavity. It is one of the most widespread diseases of the person, leads to essential decline in quality of life, a sleep disorder and in hard cases creates problems in training and professional career of the patient. Rhinitis is a harbinger and risk factor of development of other diseases: bronchial asthma, acute and chronic rinosinusit, average otitis. Rhinitis can represent as the independent disease caused by influence of various factors (including pathogenic microorganisms, allergens, the factors polluting environment, thermal, mechanical and other influences), well manifestation of other somatic frustration (vegeto-vascular dystonia, diseases of endocrine system, disbolism).

Allocate allergic, infectious, not allergic eosinophilic, vasculomotor, hypertrophic and atrophic rhinitis. Depending on disease duration rhinitis is subdivided on acute and chronic.

Symptoms and course of acute rhinitis

nose congestion;
allocations from a nose;
deterioration in sense of smell;
indisposition and weakness.

At the beginning of a disease rhinitis can be distinguished on feeling of dryness, burning and an itch in a nose, and also to frequent sneezing. Then during the period from one hour to two days this easy discomfort gradually passes into a congestion of a nose and decrease in sense of smell, completing a so-called first stage of rhinitis.

The main sign of the second stage are unpleasant allocations from a nose which complicate breath even more. Very often at this stage appetite decreases, the sleep is interrupted, and there are even headaches. And the most important that the patient begins to breathe through a mouth and promotes further distribution of an inflammation on underlying departments of respiratory tracts and to development of complications.

At last, later from three to five days of allocation from a nose become more viscous, crusts are formed, and it becomes more difficult to delete allocations. It is the third stage of rhinitis. If not to cure cold at this stage, there can be serious complications.

Treatment of rhinitis

As a rule, at treatment of acute cold use such medicines as:
antimicrobic means (for prevention of complications);
vitamin C;
the distracting procedures — for example, dry thermal wrappings of feet.

The most rational and effective is the treatment directed to destruction of the activator, however antibiotics do not affect viruses which most often caused rhinitis therefore their use does not make sense.

But what set of methods you would not use, successful treatment of acute rhinitis is impossible without regular clarification of a nose by its full washing (a nasal shower).

Washings of a nose will allow:
to eliminate microbic activators from a nasal cavity and a nasopharynx;
to recover nasal breath, to reduce production of slime;
to stimulate recovery processes in a mucous membrane;
to normalize protective functions;
to reduce need for medicamentous means;
to reduce terms of treatment and to reduce risk of complications.

"Pneumonia   Rinosinusit"