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Lumbar osteochondrosis

Table of contents
Lumbar osteochondrosis
Let's specify your ideas of support mechanisms
What is osteochondrosis and as it develops
Who is subject to an illness and as to prevent it
What it is necessary to know about treatment opportunities
How to give help in house conditions
About risk and the prevention of aggravations
Complex of medical and gymnastic exercises
Answers to questions
The test of self-checking for preventions of diseases of a backbone

V. Grechko

Without being afraid of exaggeration, one may say, that lumbar pains are known to all. However their reasons can be absolutely various, they are caused by different diseases. And one of them, perhaps, the most widespread — the backbone osteochondrosis (affecting cervical, chest and lumbar its departments). Believe that every fifth adult on the earth has lumbar osteochondrosis, this illness meets both in young, and at advanced age. More than 25 million patients with neurologic displays of lumbar osteochondrosis are in our country on dispensary observation as the disease differs in tendency to a chronic current, complications and their periodic aggravations, and various stages of its development last for years and decades, a number them proceeds is hidden, asymptomatically. And most often learns about a disease of the patient only at manifestation of neurologic complications — lumbar pains of various expressiveness.
Only 55 years passed since this disease of a backbone leading to the degenerative and dystrophic changes in intervertebral disks which are not connected with the inflammation phenomena was for the first time described. Osteochondrosis (from the Greek words "osteon" — a bone, "хондрос" — a cartilage) a backbone — a typical degenerative disease as a result of disbolism at which special cartilaginous educations (disks) and bone (vertebrae) suffer is more often in lumbar department of a backbone. And correctness of the diagnosis in many respects depends on with what accuracy and completeness of the patient will state to the doctor the painful feelings, a case history.
Unfortunately, only the factors promoting developing of the Disease, final judgments of the reasons, as a matter of fact, of a gipotetichna are known today. The fact that at complications of an illness roots of a spinal cord (in the spinal channel of a backbone), and thereby are involved in its process and other structures of a nervous system, generated in due time idea of radiculitis (from the Latin word "radicule" — a root), that is an inflammation of roots (points the termination "it" to it) as long time was considered, an infectious origin. Only in the last decades it became clear that in 95% of cases of the radiculitis diagnosed lumbar krestnovogo, in particular, osteochondrosis of intervertebral disks takes place, and the concept radiculitis does not correspond to the disease nature.
In other words, the inflammation in this case as the reason of suffering of roots — for the second time, it can arise as an effect of a degeneration of disks as a result of their noninflammatory defeat — a diskosis. Not accidentally now in medical practice the term "lumbosacral radiculitis" is replaced even more often with more exact — "a lumbosacral radicular syndrome" (meaning a combination of the symptoms inherent in neurologic complications of osteochondrosis of a backbone). Practice shows that at the heart of painful symptoms of radiculitis usually there are  manifestations  of complications  of osteochondrosis.
It is remarkable that the people not expert in medicine see a cause of illness in ordinary idea of adjournment of salts in a backbone. As self-treatment they appoint to themselves and advise others an electrolyte-deficient diet, limiting mainly consumption of table salt and even refusing it at all. However actually adjournment of salts at osteochondrosis of a backbone does not happen, especially table salt there is nothing here though its consumption has to be valid reasonable.
Before telling about mechanisms of development of a disease, its neurologic complications, their clinical manifestations, about measures of prevention and treatment, in the beginning we will list the questions made according to letters of readers of "Faculty of health" here.

Whether it is right that...

... osteochondrosis of a backbone is available also for those who feel quite healthy and does not show any complaints? (1)
... as the cause of illness is not established, it is impossible to avoid a disease? (2)
... the illness is incurable and the patient needs only to warn aggravations of its complications? (3)
... surgical treatment — the only way to disposal of an illness per se (and not just neurologic manifestations)? (4)
... in all cases of the prevention of neurologic displays of lumbar osteochondrosis (cervical, chest) it is only about opportunities of delay of development of pathology? (5)
... "wear" of a backbone and its injury are not an etiology? (6)
... frequency of diseases of osteochondrosis is not identical at workers of physical and "room" work? (7)
... this illness always comes from other diseases? (8)
... it is often almost impossible to prevent development of osteochondrosis? (9)
... still nobody died of this illness? What main outcomes of a disease and its complications? (10)
... it is finally impossible to recover? What methods of treatment are most effective? (11)
... prevention of complications has to be individual? Where it is possible to obtain information on individual prevention of osteochondrosis of a backbone? (12)

Note: the concretized answers of the author will be separately provided in the end as the summary and for reader's self-checking on digestion of material.



 
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