Beginning >> Diseases >> Respiratory organs >> Acute laryngotracheitis and acute stenosis of a throat

Acute laryngotracheitis and acute stenosis of a throat

Table of contents
Acute laryngotracheitis and acute stenosis of a throat
Acute laryngotracheitis
Acute stenosis of a throat
Diagnosis
Treatment

Acute laryngotracheitis  — an inflammation of a mucous membrane of a throat and trachea with preferential localization of process in subdepository department of a throat, characterized by difficulty of breath, an inspiratory asthma and causing in some cases development of an acute stenosis of a throat.

Acute stenosis of a throat  — quickly developed (within several seconds, minutes, hours or days) the narrowing of a gleam of a throat leading to difficulty of breath.

Epidemiology

Most often acute laryngotracheitis occurs at children aged from 6 months till 4 — 5 (with incidence peak in 1 — 2 years). Development of a disease and at more advanced age is possible (including at adults). In the first months of life acute laryngotracheitis meets less often as owing to transplacental passive transfer are available for the child maternal a virus - specific immunoglobulins. Boys suffer approximately twice more often than girls. The peak of incidence of acute laryngotracheitis falls on cold months of fall and winter, the periods of epidemics of the SARS caused by viruses of a parainfluenza and a respiratory and syncytial virus.
At 3 — 5% of children with acute laryngotracheitis at least one episode of an acute stenosis of a throat which at 5% from them recurs develops.

Risk factors of diseases: allergy, insolvency of immune system, hyperreactivity of respiratory tracts. Patients with acute laryngotracheitis often have the accompanying atopic diseases (rhinitis, dermatitis). Patients with recurrent episodes of an acute stenosis of a throat can have congenital anomalies of development of respiratory tracts.



 
"Acute bronchitis   Peritonsillitis and paratonsillar abscess"