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Diagnosis of infectious pathologies at children

INFECTIOUS PATHOLOGY

Disease

Symptom complex

277 Ankilostomidoz

Abdominal pains
Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Intestinal bleedings
General weakness
Increased fatigue
Slackness, apathy
Pallor
Itch and dermahemia in the place of implementation of larvae
Hemorrhages on skin
Anemia
Lengthening of coagulability of blood
Definition of eggs of ankylostomas in Calais
Frequent detection of eggs of ankylostomas in duodenal contents

278 Ascaridosis, period of migration of larvae

Indisposition
Stethalgia
Cough
Subfebrile condition
Eosinophilia of 15 — 35%
Radiological — focal infiltrates in lungs
Skin itch
Urtikariya on skin
Positive agglutination tests and sedimentations of erythrocytes with askaridny antigen
Positive precipitation test on live larvae of ascarids

279 Ascaridosis, parasitizing period

 

Irritability
Uneasy soy
Absent-mindedness

Decrease in memory
Anorexia
Nausea, especially on an empty stomach
Plentiful hypersalivation
Vomiting
Abdominal pains
Decrease in a podkozhnozhirovy layer
Pallor
Detection of eggs of ascarids in Calais

280 Illness of "cat's scratches" (a high-quality lymphoreticulosis)

Extremity scratch, thicket upper
Nodular infiltrate in the place of scratch
Regional lymphadenitis
Intoxication
Seldom melkopyatnisty dieback, urtikaropodobny rash

281 HIV infection

Diarrhea
Lymphadenopathy
Gepatosplenomegaliya
Pneumonia, refractory to therapy
Preservation of the above-stated symptoms more than three months
Decrease in indicator T-helpery: T-suppressors lower than 1,0
Detection of a virus of an immunodeficiency in blood

282 Inborn syphilis

Pemphigus in palms and feet
Gepatosplenomegaliya
Osteochondritis
Acute rhinitis
Phalangitis

283 Viral hepatitis of type A

 

Acute beginning of a disease
Headache
Weakness, slackness, irritability
Temperature increase
Anorexia

Abdominal pains
Nausea
Vomiting
The liquid decoloured chair
Dark urine
Subikterichnost of scleras with the subsequent development of yellowness of integuments and mucous
Increase and morbidity at a liver palpation
In blood increase of level of bilirubin at the expense of direct fraction, level of transaminases

284 Viral hepatitis of type B

Gradual onset of the illness
Arthralgias
Mialgiya
Periodically developing skin rashes
Loss of appetite
Subikterichnost of scleras, in the subsequent — yellowness of integuments and mucous
Hepatomegalia
The splenomegaly is possible
The decoloured chair
Dark saturated urine
In blood — increase of level of bilirubin at the expense of direct fraction and level of transaminases, identification of HBs Ag
Hyper bilirubinurea, the proteinuria, a hamaturia are possible
Anamnestic instructions on parenteral interventions at the child within the last six months

285 Hymenolepiasis

 

Acrimony
Memory easing
Epileptiform attacks
Anorexia
The stupid, aching abdominal pain which is periodically arising

Unstable chair with slime impurity
Emaciation of the child
Pallor
Anemia
Existence in fresh Calais of eggs of a dwarfish tapeworm

286 Diphyllobotriasis

General weakness
Slackness
Anorexia
Nausea
Abdominal pains
Unstable chair
Sharp pallor
The anemia caused by deficit of B12 vitamin
Existence in Calais of eggs or joints of a wide tape-worm

287 Infectious mononucleosis

All-toxic phenomena
Hyperadenosis on a back surface of a grudinoklyuchichnosostsevidny muscle in its upper part
Hepatolienal syndrome
Quinsy joining on 3 — the 4th day of a disease
Hemorrhagic syndrome
The Atipichesky mononukleara revealed at research of peripheral blood at the end of the first, the beginning of the second week of a disease

288 Lambliasis

Diarrhea 
Nausea, is possible vomiting
Meteorism
Kolikoobrazny abdominal pains
Detection of lyambliya in duodenal contents
Detection of cysts of lyambliya in Calais

289 Mollusk contagious

1 Existence of single, is more often than multiple semi-spherical papules from 1 to 6 mm in the diameter on face skin, necks, breasts, the back of brushes, external genitals
Papules of color of normal skin or slightly pink, opalescent or milky-white dense consistence
In the center of papules — pupkoobrazny impressions with a scarcely noticeable opening
The general condition of the child not on rusheno

290 Opisthorchosis

Subfebrile condition
Dispepsichesky frustration
Abdominal pains
Lag in physical development
Pallor
Hepatomegalia
Anemia
Eosinophilia
Ultrasonography — a thickening of walls of bilious channels
10 Existence of a cat's fluke in duodenal contents, and also in Calais child

291 Shingles

Temperature increase
The expressed morbidity in the field of the struck nervous trunk
Emergence of the grouped spotty and papular rashes which soon are transformed to bubbles
Preservation in the place of damage of paresthesias after elimination of skin changes

292 Umbilical sepsis

Repeated falling of body weight
Slow mummification in falling away of the funic rest
Bleeding and moknuty umbilical wound
Thickening of an umbilical vein and umbilical arteries
Gepatosplenomegaliya
The progressing anemia, leukocytosis with neutrophylic shift, the toxic granularity of neutrophils accelerated by SOE
Seeding of the activator from blood, urine, suppurative focuses

293 Sepsis, septicopyemic form

Toxicosis
Existence of the 2nd and more suppurative focuses
Repeated falling of body weight
Gepatosplenomegaliya
The progressing anemia, leukocytosis with neutrophylic shift, the toxic granularity of neutrophils accelerated by SOE
Seeding of the activator from blood, urine, suppurative focuses

294 Sepsis, septicemic form

Toxicosis
Existence of primary suppurative focus
Repeated falling of body weight
Gepatosplenomegaliya
The progressing anemia, neutrophylic leukocytosis with shift to the left, the toxic granularity of neutrophils increased by SOE
6 Seeding of the activator from blood, urine, a suppurative focus

295 Strongyloidosis

 

Abdominal pains
Skin itch
Small tortoiseshell
Hepatomegalia
Radiological — eosinophilic infiltrates in lungs
Larvae of an intestinal ugritsa in
Calais

296 Teniarinkhoz

General weakness
The increased nervous irritability
Loss of appetite
Toshchakovy abdominal pains
Existence in Calais of mature joints of a bull tapeworm

297 Teniosis

Irritability
Sleep disorder
Nausea
Vomiting
Abdominal pains
Unstable chair
Existence in Calais of the mature joints characteristic of a pork tapeworm

298 Trichinosis

Mialgiya
Abdominal pains
Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Fever
Face edema
Conjunctivitis
Consolidation of muscles and their morbidity at a palpation
Leukocytosis
Eosinophilia
Positive tests (skin and pretsipitinovy) with allergen from larvae

299 Trichuriasis

 

Headache
Dizziness
Sleeplessness
Memory easing
Short-term losses of consciousness
Hypersalivation
Nausea

Frequent vomiting
Anorexia
Abdominal pains
Anemia
Lowering of gastric secretion
Existence of eggs of a threadworm in Calais

300 Mange

The expressed itch amplifying at night when warming in a bed
Existence of an enanthesis of interdigital folds, lower part of a stomach, extremities, etc. Children of chest and preschool age have rashes also on palms, soles, a face, a neck, pilar part of the head
Excoriations in typical places of rashes
Leukocytosis, the raised SOE

301 Enterobiosis

Dizziness
Headache
Sleeplessness
Anorexia
Abdominal pains
Itch at night in the field of an anus
Existence of eggs of pinworms in scraping with mucous the anal channel

According to Ostropolets S. S., V. N. Beet, Diagnostic syndromes of diseases of children's age.

 
"Diagnosis of diseases of connecting fabric at children   Diagnosis of disbolism at children"