Beginning >> Articles >> Archives >> Diseases of digestive organs at children

Foreign bodys of a stomach and intestines - Diseases of digestive organs at children

Table of contents
Diseases of digestive organs at children
Oral cavity
Diseases of teeth
Malformations of the sky and soft tissues of an oral cavity
Diseases of a mucous membrane of an oral cavity and gums
Diseases of lips and language
Sialadens
Digestive tract
Basic reasons of gastrointestinal frustration
Gullet
Atresia and esophageal and tracheal fistula
Guttural and tracheal and esophageal crevice, inborn stenosis of a gullet
Other diseases of a gullet
Stomach and intestines
Peptic ulcer
Inborn hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
Inborn impassability of intestines
Inborn impassability of a duodenum
Disturbances of turn of intestines
Inborn impassability of a small bowel
Inborn megacolon
Diverticulums and duplikatura
The acquired impassability of intestines
Intestines invagination
Foreign bodys of a stomach and intestines
Motive frustration. stomach and intestines
Anomalies of a structure of anorectal area
Infectious diseases of intestines
Nonspecific ulcer colitis
Illness Krone
Necrotic coloenteritis of newborns
The coloenteritis connected with treatment by antibiotics
Gastrointestinal symptoms of anaphylactoid purpura, gemolitiko-uraemic syndrome
Intolerance of food proteins
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis
Absorption disturbance syndromes
Malabsorption
Immunodeficiency and intestines
Syndrome of "a congestive loop"
Syndrome of a short small bowel
Gee's disease
Sprue after acute enteritis
Tropical to a spr
Whipple's illness, intestines lymphangiectasia, Uolmap's illness, idiopathic diffusion defeat of mucous
Enzymopathies and disturbances of mechanisms of transport of nutrients
Irritable colon
Acute appendicitis
Diseases of an anus, direct and large intestine
Tumors of a digestive tract at children
Hernias of a digestive tract at children
Exocrine part of a pancreas
Pancreatitis
Embryonic development of structure and function of a liver
Diagnosis of diseases of a liver
Cholestatic states at babies
Parenchymatous jaundices at children of chest age
Disturbances of a metabolism of a liver and zhelchevydelitelny system
Anomalies of a structure of bilious ways
Cysts of bilious channels
Cholestasia and diseases of a liver connected with completely parenteral food
Medicinal damage of a liver
Ray's syndrome
Chronic hepatitis
Wilson's illness — Konovalova
Indian juvenile cirrhosis
Damages of a liver at chronic colitis
Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure
Portal hypertensia and varicosity of a gullet
Fatty infiltration of a liver
Cholecystitis
Peritoneum diseases
Peritonitis
Peritoneum hernias
FOREIGN BODYS OF THE STOMACH AND INTESTINES

At suspicion on a proglatyvaniye of a foreign body carry out a survey X-ray analysis of a thorax and an abdominal cavity. If the subject is visible above a diaphragm, then it is deleted by means of the esophagoscope or the bronchoscope. As a rule, the swallowed subject which got into a stomach passes further through all digestive tract, without causing damages. Some types of foreign bodys are always potentially dangerous. Needles, pins, hairpins for hair easily get into a stomach, but, passing through turns of a duodenum, get stuck there and perforate intestines. Such dangerous foreign bodys usually manage to be taken by means of a gastroduodenoskop. Small safety pins can pass on a digestive tract, without injuring it even if they are open. Big pins irrespective of, they are open or are closed, it is possible to delete orally.
If the foreign body passed through the gatekeeper in intestines, monitor its advance on roentgenograms, and also investigate fecal masses after each defecation. For this purpose fecal masses washes out water in a sieve. If on a series of roentgenograms it is visible that the foreign subject moves ahead on intestines in the distal direction, then perforation is a little probable. Long sharp objects, and also the objects which are without the movement several weeks need to be removed by means of the magnetic catheter entered through a nose under radiological control or by means of a laparotomy as they can cause an ulceration or perforation of intestines. When there are such signs of perforation as morbidity of a stomach at a palpation, rigidity of an abdominal wall, pain, nausea, vomiting, urgent surgical intervention is shown. During finding of a foreign body in a digestive tract food has to remain normal, usual for the child. Any unusual diets (for example, the including wool or cotton) have no medical value and can do harm. Purgatives are contraindicated as they strengthen an intestines peristaltics owing to what the probability of perforation increases.

Bezoara

The children of chest and early age who are especially suffering from emotional disorders or a delay of mental development often are accustomed to swallow of hair (own hair, and also hair of dolls or a brush bristle). Besides, children swallow of fur, woolen and cotton fibers from clothes and blankets. Usually such material freely passes through a digestive tract, but if the habit remains a long time, then he crowds in a stomach where the so-called hair sphere or a trichobesoar is formed. Its signs are not certain, symptoms of gastric dyspepsia are sometimes observed. Tumorous education which the feeling of an easy poskripyvaniye gives is often palpated. At survey it is possible to find the sites or the thinned hair deprived of hair. On roentgenograms the education which is flowed round by a baric suspension is visible. The part of a bezoar sometimes comes off and, having got into intestines, causes its impassability. Existence of a bezoar can be suspected at research a calla or having seen that the child swallows of hair. The bezoar is deleted in the surgical way. The child needs to be shown to the psychiatrist.
Fitobezoara — accumulation of the fibrous or sticky products of a plant origin which are present, for example, at a persimmon. In comparison with a hair sphere of a fitobezoara are usually formed much quicker.



 
"Diseases of bodies of an urinary system at children   Diseases of the lacrimal bodies"