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African trypanosomiasis

The African trypanosomiasis (tsetse-fly disease) is widespread only in Africa. The disease is transmitted by a tsetse fly from sick and some animals (an antelope, a pig). Despite the extensive zone of rainforests and savannas occupied by a tsetse fly, an illness it is widespread extremely unevenly and in each country it is possible to obtain information on places where the African trypanosomiasis is found in health workers. At this disease lymph nodes increase, body temperature can increase, there are skin rash, hypostases, physical weakness, and at defeat of a nervous system — disturbances of mentality and drowsiness. These symptoms appear 2 — 3 weeks later after a sting of a tsetse fly to whom geologists, hunters, fishermen, specialists rural and forestry, the tourists visiting national reserves most often can contact.

Trypanosome — the causative agent of the African trypanosomiasis

At emergence of the specified symptoms medical examination on a trypanosomiasis and in case of confirmation of the assumption earlier treatment of a disease is necessary.

Antelope — the reservoir of trypanosomes — causative agents of the African trypanosomiasis

Prevention of the African trypanosomiasis consists in an exception of contact with a tsetse fly. The centers of this illness should be visited only as necessary and with observance of precautionary measures (light clothes — trousers, a shirt with long sleeves, overalls for constantly working in the centers, repellents).

The disease (the West African form) for a period of up to 6 months prevents single intramuscular administration of pentamidine (lomidin). In need of a pentamidine injection in 6 months repeat under medical control.

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